- Sea turtle: Air breathing reptiles that live in the ocean and are able to spend hours under the water. There are 7 species of sea turtles, and all are endangered.
- Species: A grouping of animals or plants that are the same kind.
- Reptile: Cold-blooded, air-breathing animal with a back bone such as turtles, snakes, lizards, and alligators.
- Hatchling: A recently hatched baby sea turtle or other animal. See hatchlings on YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CyN8Betuad8.
- Survival: Continuing to live.
- Habitat: The type of area/environment in which a kind of animal normally lives.
- Clutch: A nest or batch of eggs.
- Endangered Species: A type of animal or plant in danger of becoming extinct, mostly through human actions.
- Extinct: A type of animal or plant that no longer exists such as a dinosaur.
- Caruncle: Sea turtle hatchling’s temporary egg tooth.
- Migration: To move from one area to another, often for reasons such as feeding. For example, sea turtles often travel thousands of miles across an ocean.
- Flipper: A broad flat limb (as of a sea turtle, seal or whale) used for swimming.
- Threatened: A species at risk of becoming endangered.
- Turtle Excluder Devices (TED’s): A device used in the fishing industry that helps sea turtles escape from shrimp trawling nets.
- Carapace: Hard outer covering or upper part of turtle shell. Click here to see diagrams:
http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/identification1.gif of carapace, scutes and prefrontal scales.
- Conservation: Protection of wildlife and natural resources.
- Biology: The science of living things.
- Natal Beach: The beach where a sea turtle hatched and returns to lay its eggs.
- Pelagic http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/pelagic Living in the open ocean
- Ecosystem An ecological community of living things interacting with their environment especially under natural conditions.
Scute A bony plate or scale, as on the shell of a turtle
- Arribada http://www.turtles.org/glossary.htm#arribada Spanish word for arrival: A mass-nesting event of the Olive Ridley and Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle
- Biodiversity Many different types of plants and animals: biological variety
- Herbivore Animal that feeds on plant-life
- By-catch Marine life that is caught and often killed because of wasteful fishing practices
- Omnivorous http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=omnivorous Feeding on both animal and vegetable substances
- Taxonomy http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/SeaTurtle/stclass.html The study of general principles of scientific classification of animals and plants
- Plastron http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/Plastron The underbelly part of a turtle or tortoise shell
- Prefrontal Scales http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/identification1.gif Scales on the head of sea turtles in the area of the eyes. Click here to see diagrams: http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/identification1.gif of carapace, scutes and prefrontal scales.
- Green Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/green.htm Largest of all the hard-shelled turtles and is
herbivorous (eating only plant life) as an adult. Principle cause of their decline is the harvesting of their eggs and meat.
- Leatherback Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/specie/turtles/leatherback.htm
Largest living turtle and are the largest living reptile in the world. They are the only one with a leathery soft shell, and
have the longest migration record of 12,774 miles. Leatherbacks face a high risk of extinction See a Leatherback
laying her eggs on You Tube: http://www.youtube.co/watch?v=cO_TBZgm1zY&NR=1.
- Loggerhead Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/loggerhead.htm A sea turtle named for its large head. Adelita, a loggerhead, is featured in a PBS movie: Voyage of the Lonely Turtle. She migrated 9,000 miles from Mexico to Japan.
- Hawksbill Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/hawksbill.htm Named for its narrow head and hawk-like beak. Their survival is threatened due to the loss of coral reefs in the ocean and a demand for their beautiful shell.
- Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/kempsridley.htm Smallest of the sea turtles
and one of the most seriously endangered.
- Olive Ridley Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/oliveridley.htm Known for nesting in large
groups called an arribada. Although the most abundant of sea turtles, they are still categorized as an endangered species.
- Flatback Sea Turtle http://www.environment.gov.au/marine/marine-species/marine-turtles/flatback The only sea turtle that nests and breeds in only one country, Australia.